[su_heading]BITSAT 2014 Syllabus[/su_heading]


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BITSAT 2014 Syllabus    -PHYSICS


Units & Measurement


  • Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units  

  • Dimensional Analysis

  •  Precision and significant figures

  •  Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)


2. Kinematics

Properties of vector

position, velocity and acceleration vectors

Motion with constant acceleration

Projectile motion

 Uniform circular motion

 Relative motion


3. Newton’s Laws of Motion


3.1          Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)


3.2          Motion on an inclined plane


3.3          Motion of blocks with pulley systems


3.4          Circular motion – centripetal force


3.5          Inertial and non-inertial frames


4. Impulse and Momentum


4.1          Definition of impulse and momentum


4.2          Conservation of momentum


4.3          Collisions


4.4          Momentum of a system of particles


4.5          Center of mass


5. Work and Energy


5.1          Work done by a force


5.2          Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem


5.3          Power


5.4          Conservative forces and potential energy


5.5          Conservation of mechanical energy


6. Rotational Motion


6.1          Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)


6.2          Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration


6.3          Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy


6.4          Torque and angular momentum


6.5          Conservation of angular momentum



6.6 Rolling motion
7. Gravitation
7.1          Newton’s law of gravitation
7.2          Gravitational potential energy,
7.3          Motion of planets – Kepler’s la
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
8.1          Elasticity
8.2          Pressure, density and Archim
8.3          Viscosity and Surface Tension
8.4          Bernoulli’s theorem
9. Oscillations
9.1          Kinematics of simple harmoni
9.2          Spring mass system, simple a
9.3          Forced & damped oscillations,
10. Waves
10.1        Progressive sinusoidal waves
10.2        Standing waves in strings and
10.3        Superposition of waves, beats
10.4        Doppler Effect
11. Heat and Thermodynamics
11.1        Kinetic theory of gases
11.2        Thermal equilibrium and tempe
11.3        Specific heat, Heat Transfer – of cooling
11.4        Work, heat and first law of ther
11.5        2nd   law of thermodynamics, C
12. Electrostatics
12.1        Coulomb’s law
12.2        Electric field  (discrete and co
12.3        Electrostatic potential and Ele
12.4        Gauss’ law and its application
12.5        Electric dipole
12.6        Capacitance and dielectrics (p
13. Current Electricity
13.1        Ohm’s law, Joule heating
13.2        D.C circuits – Resistors and c bridge,
13.3        Electrical Resistance (Resistiv
14. Magnetic Effect of Current
14.1        Biot-Savart’s law and its appli



Escape velocity ws, satellite motiedes’ principle, motion and compound pendulum resonance pipes, ratureConduction, convection and radiation,  thermal conductivity, Newton’s law, thermodynamicscarnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance continuous charge distributions) ctrostatic potential energy, parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel), cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws,  potentiometer and Wheatstone , origin and temperature dependence of resistivity.

14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications
14.3        Lorentz force, force on current carryi
14.4        Magnetic moment of a current loop, voltmeter and ammeter
15. Electromagnetic Induction
15.1        Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy curr
15.2        Self and mutual inductance
15.3        Transformers and generators
15.4        Alternating current (peak and rms va
15.5        AC circuits, LCR circuits
16. Optics
16.1        Laws of reflection and refraction
16.2        Lenses and mirrors
16.3        Optical instruments – telescope and
16.4        Interference – Huygen’s principle, Y
16.5        Interference in thin films
16.6        Diffraction due to a single slit
16.7        Electromagnetic waves and their ch
16.8        Polarization – states of polarization,
17. Modern Physics
17.1        Dual nature of light and matter – Ph
17.2        Atomic models – Rutherford’s experi
17.3        Hydrogen atom spectrum
17.4        Radioactivity
17.5        Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, caracteristics (only qualitative ideas),    Electromagnetic l

 spectrum Malus’ law, Brewster’s law, potoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength ment, 


 BITSAT 2014 Syllabus     –   CHEMISTRY


1. States of Matter

1.1   Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.


1.2   Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry


1.3   Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, empirical derivation of gas equation, Kinetic theory – Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.

1.4    Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.


1.5    Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite, metals. Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators, and n- and p- type semiconductors.

2. Atomic Structure


2.1  Introduction: Radioactivity, Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Rutherford’s picture of atom; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model.



2.2 Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
2.3          Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
2.4          Periodicity: Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic and ionic radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency.
3.  Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure
3.1 Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of covalent bond
3.2 Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
3.3 Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s, p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond
order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species. 3.4          Metallic Bond: Qualitative description.
3.5  Intermolecular Forces: Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.

4. Thermodynamics
4.1 Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
4.2  First  Law of  Thermodynamics: Work,  internal  energy,  heat,  enthalpy,  heat  capacities;  Enthalpies  of formation,   phase   transformation,  ionization,  electron   gain;   Thermochemistry;   Hess’s   Law. Bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, dilution 
4.3 Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and  non-mechanical  work;  Standard  free  energies  of  formation,  free  energy  change  and  chemical Equilibrium

4.4 Third Law: Introduction

5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria
5.1 Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
5.2 Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions.
 5.3  Physical  Equilibrium: Equilibria  involving  physical  changes  (solid-liquid,  liquid-gas,  solid-gas),  Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
5.4 Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Le-Chatelier’s principle.
5.5  Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; Ionization of Water; pH; Buffer solutions; Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility
Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.5.6          Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of DG and DG0in Chemical Equilibria.
6. Electrochemistry
6.1 Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells;Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential;Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention. 
6.2 Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; Kolhrausch’s Law andits application, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Coulometer; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, Cl2   & F2.

7. Chemical Kinetics


7.1          Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half life for zero and first order reactions.


7.2          Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, size of particles; Temperature dependence of rate constant; Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules.


7.3          Mechanism of Reaction: Elementary reactions; Complex reactions; Reactions involving two/three steps only.


8. Hydrogen and s-block elements


8.1          Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure & use, Hydrogen as a fuel.


8.2          s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy, atomic & ionic radii).


8.3          Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water and liquid ammonia; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.


8.4          Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with non-metals; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Biological importance; Properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4; Lime and limestone, cement.


9. p- d- and f-block elements


9.1          General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation states; anomalous properties of first element of each group.


9.2          Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;


9.3          Group 14 elements: Carbon: carbon catenation, physical & chemical properties, uses, allotropes (graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates, silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites.


9.4          Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Reactivity and uses of nitrogen and its compounds; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Ammonia: Haber’s process, properties and reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Ostwald’s process of nitric acid production; Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus; Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids (elementary idea only) and halides of phosphorus, phosphine.


9.5          Group 16 elements: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur; Production of sulphur and sulphuric acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids (structures only), hydrides and halides of sulphur.


9.6          Group 17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of chlorine (structures only); preparation, properties & uses of chlorine & HCl; Inter halogen compounds; Bleaching Powder; Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.


9.7          d-Block elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; ionization enthalpy; Ionic radii; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of CuSO4, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4, Mercury halides; Silver nitrate and silver halides; Photography.


9.8          f-Block elements: Lanthanoids and actinoids; Oxidation states and chemical reactivity of lanthanoids compounds; Lanthanide contraction; Comparison of actinoids and lanthanoids.


9.9          Coordination Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werner’s coordination theory; IUPAC nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of


metals and biological systems e.g. chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and hemoglobin); Bonding: Valence-bond approach, Crystal field theory (qualitative); Stability constants; Shapes, color and magnetic properties; Isomerism including stereoisomerisms; Organometallic compounds.


10. Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons


10.1        Classification: Based on functional groups, trivial and IUPAC nomenclature. Methods of purification: qualitative and quantitative.


10.2        Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive, resonance effects, and hyperconjugation; free radicals; carbocations, carbanions, nucleophiles and electrophiles; types of organic reactions.


10.3        Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Structural isomerism, general properties and chemical reactions.


10.4        Alkenes and alkynes: General methods of preparation and reactions, physical properties, electrophilic and free radical additions, acidic character of alkynes and (1,2 and 1,4) addition to dienes.


10.5        Aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources; properties; isomerism; resonance delocalization; aromaticity; polynuclear hydrocarbons; mechanism of electrophilic substitution reaction, directive influence and effect of substituents on reactivity; carcinogenicity and toxicity.


10.6        Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Physical properties, chemical reactions and mechanism of substitution reaction. Uses and environmental effects; di, tri, tetrachloromethanes, iodoform, freon and DDT.


10.7        Petroleum: Composition and refining, uses of petrochemicals.


11. Stereochemistry


11.1        Introduction: Chiral molecules; optical activity; polarimetry; R,S and D,L configurations; Fischer projections; enantiomerism; racemates; diastereomerism and meso structures.


11.2        Conformations: Ethane conformations; Newman and Sawhorse projections.


11.3        Geometrical isomerism in alkenes


12. Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen


12.1        General: Electronic structure, important methods of preparation, identification, important reactions, physical properties and uses of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, nitro compounds, amines, diazonium salts, cyanides and isocyanides.


12.2        Specific: Effect of substituents on alpha-carbon on acid strength, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives, mechanism of nucleophilic addition and dehydration, basic character of amines methods of preparation, and their separation, importance of diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry.


13. Biological , Industrial and Environmental chemistry


13.1        The Cell: Concept of cell and energy cycle.


13.2        Carbohydrates: Classification; Monosaccharides; Structures of pentoses and hexoses; Anomeric carbon; Mutarotation; Simple chemical reactions of glucose, Disaccharides: reducing and non-reducing sugars – sucrose, maltose and lactose; Polysaccharides: elementary idea of structures of starch, cellulose and glycogen.


13.3        Proteins: Amino acids; Peptide bond; Polypeptides; Primary structure of proteins; Simple idea of secondary

, tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins; Denaturation of proteins and enzymes.


13.4        Nucleic Acids: Types of nucleic acids; Primary building blocks of nucleic acids (chemical composition of DNA &  RNA); Primary structure of DNA and its double helix; Replication; Transcription and protein synthesis; Genetic code.


13.5         Vitamins: Classification, structure, functions in biosystems; Hormones


13.6        Polymers: Classification of polymers; General methods of polymerization; Molecular mass of polymers; Biopolymers and biodegradable polymers; Free radical, cationic and anionic addition polymerizations; Copolymerization: Natural rubber; Vulcanization of rubber; Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers.


13.7        Pollution: Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; Chemical reactions in atmosphere; Smog; Major atmospheric pollutants; Acid rain; Ozone and its reactions; Depletion of ozone layer and its effects; Industrial air pollution; Green house effect and global warming; Green Chemistry.


13.8        Chemicals in medicine, health-care and food: Analgesics, Tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, anti- microbials,  anti-fertility  drugs,  antihistamines,  antibiotics,  antacids;  Preservatives,  artificial  sweetening


agents, antioxidants, soaps and detergents.


14. Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry


14.1        Volumetric Analysis: Principles; Standard solutions of sodium carbonate and oxalic acid; Acid-base titrations; Redox reactions involving KI, H2SO4, Na2SO3, Na2S2O3and H2S; Potassium permanganate in acidic, basic and neutral media; Titrations of oxalic acid, ferrous ammonium sulphate with KMnO4, K2 Cr2O7/Na2S2O3, Cu(II)/Na2S2O3.

14.2        Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts: Principles in the determination of the cations Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, Fe3+, Ni2+ and the anions CO32-, S2-, SO42-, SO32-, NO2-, NO3-, Cl-,3-, CH COO-, C O ,Br-, I-, PO4


14.3        Physical Chemistry Experiments: preparation and crystallization of alum, copper sulphate, ferrous sulphate, double salt of alum and ferrous sulphate, potassium ferric sulphate; Temperature vs. solubility; pH measurements; Lyophilic and lyophobic sols; Dialysis; Role of emulsifying agents in emulsification.

Equilibrium studies involving  (i) ferric and thiocyanate ions (ii)